To be fossil fuel independent is one of the major challenges of our times and the transport sector is one essential segment that must be addressed in order to increase the efficiency of freight transportation. In Sweden, for instance, the transport sector consumes around 25% of the total energy use and contributes to 40% of the total CO2 emissions. Measures aiming to a reduction of greenhouse gas emissions often focus on passenger transports even though freight transports are increasing faster and the energy use from freight transports has not decreased 2005-2011. The transport of goods in partner regions, and hence in the SB region, impact negatively on the environmental sustainability everywhere. Moreover, GHG emissions is one aspect of this but there are also other aspects related to transportation e.g. noise, vibration, safety around public buildings, working places, schools, industry, attractiveness in touristic areas etc. All partners have the common challenge- to reduce GHG emissions and hence be more environmentally sustainable. This will be reached through implementation of different logistical solutions. All implementing partners can also expect other positive effects on above mentioned aspects through this project.
One method to reduce the environmental impact from freight transport is a concept for consolidation of goods at a distribution central (DC) with focus on the last mile/short distance transports to and from the DC e.g. to public buildings/units (schools, preschools, nursing homes etc.), businesses, city centers etc. The method is implemented in around 15 regions in Sweden, but is rather unknown.
For municipalities, cities and business clusters in the partner countries the implementation process is full of questions, choices and struggle, which can be overcome by providing better guidance, convincing best practices and cross-border activities to exchange experiences.